During the extreme peak weather seasons of winter and summer, your single-family home or commercial premises’ comfort can be threatened if you lack a properly functioning heating and cooling system. There are many different types of heating and cooling systems, some of which only heat, whereas other only cool, while some do both. However, there are some types of HVAC systems that perform both functions. The heat pump is a popular and convenient option among homeowners as far as heating and cooling equipment is concerned. But for informational purposes, what is a heat pump and what are some of the things you should know about it as an informed homeowner? You will find out more about this type of HVAC equipment from this week’s article, heating and cooling your home: what you should know about heat pumps.
What Is A Heat Pump?
A heat pump is basically a piece of equipment that transfers heat from one point to another point, often called a heat sink. However, a heat pump does more than just heating up your home during winter. It is actually able to perform the reverse function of cooling your home during summer. Instead of generating heat like most other heating alternatives do, heat pumps move heat from point A to point B.
Heat Pumps Work Both Ways
During the cold season, the heat pump captures heat from outside your home and pumps it into your living space. During summer, the equipment captures heat from your living space and pumps it to the outdoor environment through a condenser unit. In other words, it works as both a heater and an air conditioner. They work in a similar way to refrigerators and air conditioners, only that heat pumps work both ways by succumbing the refrigerant through condensation and evaporation cycles. As you can see, heat pumps are a very unique type of heating and cooling system for your home.
Benefits of Heat Pumps
According to the U.S. Department of Energy, heat pumps provide a great alternative to other heating and cooling options such as furnaces and air conditioners, especially in areas like Denver, Colorado that require moderate home heating and cooling. They are also more energy efficient that the alternative heating and cooling options, not forgetting the fact that they are more environmentally friendly in comparison to combustion units such as gas and oil furnaces. Especially when running on electric energy, they produce far much more heat than the amount of energy they use. The only challenge is that heat pumps can be a bit costlier than ACs and furnaces in terms of the initial purchase but may end up saving you much more in the long run. The other good thing about heat pumps is that they can be combined with other HVAC systems such as furnaces if need be, a process that requires a high level of professionalism to install, so you will want to hire a reputable, and experienced heating and cooling company.
Various Types of Heat Pumps
There are various types of heat pumps, depending on their structure and functioning mechanism. Some of the common types of heat pumps include the following.
Air Source Heat Pumps (wall mounted units)
Absorption heat pumps (run on propane, natural gas or hot water)
Ductless mini-split heat pumps (suitable where ductwork is unavailable)
Geothermal heat pumps (use the ground/earth as exchange medium of heat instead of air)